Friends of Hastings Cemetery
AK K12 -
Died "Henley Lodge", St. Leonard's-
Born in Ohio, U.S.A. in 1844. His family moved to Toledo when he was nine years old.
During the War for Southern Independence (AKA: American Civil War), he served in the North's Federal Army. He is remembered for his "Gardner Gun", 1874 -
He invented the Gardner machine gun in 1874. After producing a prototype, he went to the Pratt and Whitney company, who after a year of development, produced a military version of the weapon. A demonstration to officers at the United States Navy Yard in 1875 was successful, however they recommended that Pratt and Whitney continue with development of the system, incorporating improvements to the feed system, which were designed by E.G. Parkhurst, an engineer at Pratt and Whitney. The army attended the tests, but showed no interest in the weapon.
In 1880 the British Royal Navy, which had successfully deployed the Gatling gun, became interested in the weapon, and Gardner was invited to England to exhibit his invention. The Admiralty were so impressed by the demonstrations that they adopted the weapon and purchased the rights to produce it in England. Gardner remained in England to supervise the construction of the weapons.
The British Army then took an interest in machine guns and after a series of trials selected the Gardner gun. During these tests a five-
Among his U.S. Patents are:
His wife was Sallie Howell Mitchell Gardner. She died on February 25, 1910 in Detroit, Wayne County Michigan, USA.
More information on the Gardner Gun on the Internet and specifically at http://www.victorianshipmodels.com/antitorpedoboatguns/Gardner/