John McClelland and Sophie Swaine
In loving memory of
Principal Inspector General
of H. M. Indian Forces
Who died at St Leonards
July 31st 1883
Sophie, wife of
and Widow of the above,
Who died April 5, 1885
Aged 44 years
See note below. Inscription on grave clearly reads McClelland, though this could be an error by the mason. Sophie’s name also is variously given elsewhere as Sophy and Sophia.
Hastings and St Leonards Observer -
Mr. John McClelland, M.D., F.L.S., F.G.S, who died on the 31st ult., at 29, Marina, was formerly principal Inspector-
[Note: This involved a lot of research amongst records variously giving the name Sir John McClelland (Wikipedia) John McLelland, John McClelland, and his name as given by him on his publications, John M’Clelland. All later records record it as John McClelland, but whether he changed this himself on his coming to England is uncertain, as I haven’t seen any original census records. Another problem was Sir Joseph Hooker’s assertion “John McClelland, “a persevering Scotchman, without much ability, or power of perception”. Other records, correctly, show him as born in Ireland. Birth and death dates also vary! Initially it was thought two people had been conflated, as it seemed unlikely one man could have achieved so much.
This idea was put to rest when coming across the following:
“Dr. M'Clelland forgets that he holds, or did then hold, three offices, Namely Deputy Apothecary; Assistant Opium Examiner and Secretary to the Coal and Iron Committee -
Spelling inconsistencies have not been adjusted, to indicate the one of the problems]
John McClelland, (born 1830), entered the [East India Company] Service on 7th April, 1830.
Asiatic Journal 1831 -
In 1835 he was sent on a mission (Tea Committee) to identify if tea could be grown in north-
A controversy erupted in mid-
The Calcutta Journal of Natural History, and Miscellany of the Arts and Sciences in India, edited by John McClelland, appeared in 1841, and ran up to 1847 at least.
McClelland, John, assistant surgeon, deputy apothecary to the East India Company, 1 Elysium Row -
He served as an interim superintendent of the Calcutta Botanical Garden from 1846 to 1847, or 1847 -
In 1852 McClelland was appointed Superintendent of the Forests in the newly-
He became Inspector General on 8th November i860, retired on 24th Nov., 1865, and died at St. Leonards on 31st July, 1883.
McClelland is commemorated in the name of the mountain bulbul, Ixos mcclellandii.
In his work as an ichthyologist he described many species and several genera of fish, among them Schistura.
A species of venomous snake, Sinomicrurus macclellandi, is named in his honor